Does The Large-Scale Amusement Facility Belong To Special Equipment?
Special equipment refers to boilers, pressure vessels (including gas cylinders, the same below), pressure pipes, elevators, hoisting machinery, passenger ropeways, and large-scale amusement facilities that involve life safety and greater danger. Among them, boilers, pressure vessels (including gas cylinders), and pressure pipes are pressure-bearing special equipment. Elevators, hoisting machinery, passenger ropeways, and large amusement facilities are special electromechanical equipment.
When did the Chinese amusement equipment industry start?
- The amusement equipment industry in China started very late. The large-scale modern amusement facilities only began to appear in the 1980s. In 1980, a moon rocket was presented to China by foreign countries and installed in Beijing Zhongshan Park. This is the first large-scale modern amusement facility in China. The emergence of foreign amusement facilities and the Chinese people’s expectations for amusement facilities have promoted the development of amusement facilities. In 1980, a group of scientific research and designers began to devote themselves to the design of amusement facilities. They developed and designed modern amusement facilities such as moon landing rockets, swimming dragons, autonomous planes, carousels, flying elephants, and swivel chairs in the air. Blanks in the design and manufacture of amusement facilities. In 1981, the first batch of modern large-scale amusement facilities designed and manufactured by our country was first installed in Daqing Children’s Park. They were warmly welcomed by customers, especially teenagers and children. The design, manufacture and use of domestic amusement facilities kicked off.
What is the definition of amusement park?
- Amusement facilities is as the main carrier and entertainment activities. It provides tourists with a legal business place for amusement experience. For example, Guangzhou Chimelong Paradise, Shenzhen Happy Valley, Shenzhen East Overseas Chinese Town are large-scale amusement parks mainly operating large-scale amusement facilities, while Guangzhou Children’s Park and Shenzhen Children’s Park are small and medium-sized amusement parks mainly operating large-scale amusement facilities field.
What is the difference in the definition of amusement machines, amusement facilities and large-scale amusement facilities?
- Amusement machine: It is a kind of equipment with power drive for tourists to play. With the development of the amusement industry, this type of amusement equipment is now collectively referred to as amusement equipment, and the name amusement machine has been used less and less.
- Amusement facilities: This is a sports carrier that carries tourists amusement in a specific area. In a broad sense, it includes not only powered amusement equipment, but also structures and other auxiliary devices set up for amusement, as well as unpowered amusement carriers.
- Large-scale amusement facility: This is a large-scale manned amusement facility that is used for business purposes and has a maximum operating linear speed greater than or equal to 2 m/s, or an operating altitude greater than or equal to 2 m from the ground.
How are large-scale amusement facilities usually classified?
- At present, it is mainly classified according to the structure and sports form of amusement facilities. Amusement facilities with similar structures and sports are classified into one category, and each type of amusement facility is named with a common representative amusement facility name as the basic type of the type of amusement facility. For example, the “carousel” amusement machine “carousel” is the basic type, and the amusement facilities similar to the “carousel” structure and movement form belong to the carousel category.
Which types of large amusement facilities can be divided?
- Amusement facilities can be divided into 13 categories. The categories are Ferris wheel (code 6100), scooter (code 6200), overhead tourist vehicle(code 6300), gyro (code 6400), flying tower category ( Code 650o), carousel (code 6600), self-controlled aircraft class (code 670o), racing car (code 6800), small train (code 6900), bumper car (code 5A0), slide (code 6B00), Water amusement facilities (code 5D00) and unpowered amusement facilities (code 6Eo0).
What are the functions and composition of large-scale amusement facilities?
- The main function of large amusement facilities is entertainment. Some large-scale amusement facilities also have fitness functions. There are many types of large-scale amusement facilities, which are typical mechatronics products. Large-scale amusement facilities are mainly composed of mechanical, structural, electrical, hydraulic and pneumatic systems. Among them, the function of machinery is to realize movement, the structure is to solve the load-bearing capacity, the function of electrical connection and dragging, and hydraulic pressure and air pressure are the ways to realize transmission.
How are the large-scale amusement facilities classified?
- According to the degree of danger of the amusement facilities, the amusement facilities included in the safety supervision are divided into three levels: A, B, and C. The classification parameters are: number of passengers, running height, track height, running speed, length, one-side swing angle, turning diameter, and inclination angle.
- Taking the Ferris wheel as an example, the operating height parameter classification is adopted. Those with a height of ≥ 50 meters are classified as Class A equipment; those with a height of 30 ≤ less than 50 meters are classified as Class B equipment; and the others are classified as Class C equipment.
- Taking the roller coaster as an example, the speed and track parameters are graded. Speed ≥ 50 km/h, or track height ≥ 10 m, belong to Class A equipment; 20 km/h ≤ speed <50 km/h, and 3 m ≤ 10 meters of track height belong to Class B equipment, others Is a Class C device.
How is the number of passengers defined in the grading parameters of large amusement facilities?
- Refers to the maximum number of tourists taking a ride at the same time during the equipment’s rated full-load operation.
How is the running speed defined in the grading parameters of large amusement facilities?
- Refers to the maximum linear velocity reached by the cockpit during the operation of large amusement facilities, and water amusement facilities refers to the maximum linear velocity reached by passengers.
How is the operating height defined in the grading categories of large amusement facilities?
- Refers to the maximum vertical distance between the supporting surface of the passenger restraint of a large amusement facility, such as the seat surface, and the installation base surface during the movement.
- For non-powered amusement devices, it refers to the maximum vertical distance between the support surface of the passenger restraint (such as the slideway, the bottom of the hanging basket, and the standing surface of the inflatable amusement device) from the installation base surface. The running height of the high-altitude bungee jumping refers to Take off to the lowest water surface or ground.
How is the turning diameter defined in the grading categories of large amusement facilities?
- For equipment that swings or rotates around a horizontal axis, it refers to the rotation diameter of its passenger restraint support surface (such as the seat surface) around the horizontal axis.
- For large-scale amusement devices such as gyros, it refers to the rotation diameter of the outermost edge of the passenger restraint supporting surface (such as the seat surface) when the main motion is rotating.
- For large amusement facilities that rotate around a vertical axis, it refers to the diameter of the circle centered on the vertical axis when the seat or passenger restraint is at rest.